Suggesting ‘GEF-NGO Network Guideline’ Application to the Green Climate Fund
“The Significance of GCF Introduction into ROK & Its Activated Strategy” held in National Assembly of Republic of Korea
Kim, Jong Woo(Director, Public Relations, Green Asia Network)
> Mr. Oh, Ki-Chul(Secretary General, Green Asia Network) gave a presentation “Climate Change Crisis and the Suggestion on the GCF Practical Model”
On February 28th, the seminar was held at the National Assembly, Seoul, Republic of Korea to discuss the significant role of the GCF in climate change adaptation & mitigation. This event was co-hosted by Green Asia Network(INGO, GEF accredited NGO) and two members of National Assembly of Republic of Korea, In Jae Keun(Foreign Affairs, Trade and Unification Committee) and Han Jeoung Ae(Environment and Labor Committee). Also, the high-ranking government officials of Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Strategy and Finance of Republic of Korea who have actively involved in the process of hosting the GCF in Republic of Korea participated. In addition, the representative of Presidential Committee on Green Growth and the director from Ministry of Environment and Green Development of Mongolia, which is one of the most affected countries by climate change, presented their cases and initiated an interesting discussion on facilitating measures of the GCF.
The seminar was a great opportunity for all concerned participants to address their perspectives on how to activate the GCF and precious seminar that brings together many renowned parties from public sector persons to civil society activists, particulary to a Korean audience often unaware of the work being done at the GEF as well as the GCF. Meanwhile, more than 200 people attended including 20 congressmen, the persons from the Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Strategy and Finance, CSOs, leaders of private sectors and students.
As one of the hosts of this seminar, Green Asia Network(the GEF accredited NGO) in its presentation, emphasizes an inclusive partnership guideline like the GEF-NGO Network Guideline and how to promote and strengthen NGO and CSO level engagement at the effective policy making process. According to the GEF-NGO Network Guideline and the GEF’s work being done, NGO and CSO sectors secure their positions and have an active opportunities to discuss the climate change policy with policy makers and relevant parties. It is suggested, therefore, that the GEF-NGO Network Guideline should be applied to the GCF; enhancing NGO’s accountability, for example.
Unfortunately, the hosting of the GCF in Korean society has not been understood as the important opportunity of how to find a practical way of climate change mitigation and adaptation, but as only a diplomatic achievement of Korean Government. Meanwhile, Korean government, in the process of hosting the GCF secretariat, had pledged 40 million to support capacity building activities for developing countries. It was suggested in this seminar that the funds have to be used to develop sustainable and practical climate change mitigation and adaptation models.
It was also mentioned that Korean government pledged to make 5 billion dollars for Green ODA fund by 2020. With the criticism of civil society that the government has been confused to set the concept of the Green ODA, a good number of audience and floor discussion agreed that civil society should be involved in completing the concept with the government. Also, many participants united with a view that Korean civil societies have to build up their practical and implementing capacity for mitigating climate change on the field as well as an accountability and empowerment to enlarge critical policy intervention.
Expressing these concerns, Green Asia Network, contended that Green ODA need to be increased, in both quantity and quality, to hold back the impact of climate change which drives the Earth to cataclysm. It was proposed, in this sense, that Republic of Korea, a moderator between developed and developing countries, should not only perform well as a host country of the GCF secretariat but try to make the GCF model more practical with applying sustainable development paradigm that is implemented by field-based experiences.
To be more particular, showing a few practical models of other NGOs, worked with the GEF in Africa and in Amazon, Green Asia Network introduced a case of climate change adaptation in Mongolia. For the last 14 years, Green Asia Network has worked on developing climate change adaptation model with eco-refuges helping them overcome poverty and ecological problems in Mongolia which is one of the most environmentally damaged(desertification) countries in the globe.
The major discussion of this seminar was that the GCF should not be operated by a theory or a certain transaction but by concrete and live field-based experiences and examples. Korean government was asked to recognize this principle and should cooperate with NGOs, civil society and private sector. In this regard, the GCF should be a practical model in accordance with the environmental and social objective of its foundation in the international society. For these, the GCF also has to make the governance built inclusive partnerships that should facilitate diverse groups as the GEF-NGO Network Guideline and establish the GCF Institute as a researching center. Based on these principles, 40 million of capacity building funds for developing countries should follow ‘the GEF-NGO network guidelines.’ A majority of participants felt sympathy with the proposition by Green Asia Network that the GCF should contribute to make sustainable practical model letting the local residents whom are vulnerable to climate change find themselves the solutions.
“I hope Korean government, national assembly of Republic of Korea and civil society work together for the GCF to get facilitated and play each role well for our common objective, adaptation and mitigation of climate change.” –In Jae Keun and Han Jeoung Ae(National Assembly of Republic of Korea)